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while loop

The while loop has only a loop condition. The loop code is executed as long as the condition is true. If the condition results in false, the loop is terminated and the code execution proceeds after the loop.
var threeX = '';
while (threeX.length < 3) {
  threeX = threeX + 'x';
}
As long as threeX has less than 3 characters, it is supplemented by 'x'. If threeX has the length 3, the loop is terminated. threeX has the value 'xxx'.

Exercise

Write a function spaces that takes a natural number n and returns a string of n spaces. spaces(1) should return ' '.